Lesson from Sura Ankabut. Lesson 4: Dust those cobwebs!

blog quran & spirituality Jul 19, 2014


In Sura Ankabut, Allah swt likens the security systems of human beings to the frailty of a spider’s web:

ู…ูŽุซูŽู„ู ุงู„ูŽู‘ุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุงุชูŽู‘ุฎูŽุฐููˆุง ู…ูู† ุฏููˆู†ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุฃูŽูˆู’ู„ููŠูŽุงุก ูƒูŽู…ูŽุซูŽู„ู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽู†ูƒูŽุจููˆุชู ุงุชูŽู‘ุฎูŽุฐูŽุชู’ ุจูŽูŠู’ุชู‹ุง ูˆูŽุฅูู†ูŽู‘ ุฃูŽูˆู’ู‡ูŽู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุจููŠููˆุชู ู„ูŽุจูŽูŠู’ุชู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽู†ูƒูŽุจููˆุชู ู„ูŽูˆู’ ูƒูŽุงู†ููˆุง ูŠูŽุนู’ู„ูŽู…ููˆู†ูŽ
[29:41]The parable of those who take guardians besides Allah is as the parable of the spider that makes for itself a house; and most surely the frailest of the houses is the spider's house did they but know.

There are several rather interesting features about the web built by the spider:
No protection: Although the construction of the web is a remarkable feat of architecture, and looks beautiful, it does not fulfil a basic need of a house: protection. The spider’s web doesn’t protect it from elements at all. Wind, fire, water all penetrate through it. The mere brush from a broom or a hand can destroy it. How frail the house!
From within: Whist other animals use materials from nature to construct their houses, the spider spins the web from a substance within itself.
A trap: Although the web provides no protection to the spider, it serves as a trap for other insects. Despite its frailty, flies and other insects are caught in the house. Its main function is to provide for the animal its biological continuance by capturing other insects for food.
No security for family: Some of the female species of spiders actually eat the male once they have mated. In other words, the web provides no security for family attachments.
Keeps spinning: When the web gets destroyed, as it easily does, the spider leaves the torn web behind and spins another one with little trouble.
What is the lesson for us from the spider?
What are some of our structures of security or ‘webs’ that we spin?
1) Money or bank balances
2) Family and friendship connections
3) Degrees and education
4) Health and bodily strength (beauty??)
5) Belief systems (these can be ‘negative’ in the sense that if I tell myself I cannot do anything about a situation, then I am escaping responsibility)
We need to reflect on whether these are, in fact, as temporal and fragile as the ‘bayt ul ankabut’. That despite looking pretty and complicated, they do not actually provide us with any security at all. The attachments of human beings, our security systems, our habits, the spinnings of our mental process, are all as fragile as the house of the spider.
We need to recognize that the ultimate refuge, in fact the only refuge, is with Allah. We can find refuge in Allah, with Allah, if we pursue the knowledge of Reality: the realization that everything other than Allah is relative and unsatis¬factory. When the rain comes, or the wind blows, or the going gets tough, the webs that we have built, become heavy, break apart or are swept away.
Sometimes, we are jolted to this Reality after our webs have already been broken, when what we consider secure turns out not to be so. When we have been leaning on something that is no more.
This Sura is inviting us to escape that loss by reflecting on the frailty of the spider’s web.


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